Terminology

TermDescription
AccessorialExtra charges made for performing freight services beyond normal pickup and delivery such as packing, unpacking, long haul fees, and extra pickups.
Air WaybillContract between the shipper and the carrier, and also functions as receipt of goods of carriage, a dispatch note, an invoice of the transportation charges, an insurance certificate, a document used by customs authorities as evidence of shipment and transit, and a delivery receipt
Amazon Reference IDUnique number used by Amazon.com to identify Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) shipments when they arrive at a warehouse
Bill of LadingDetailed list of a shipment of goods given by the carrier to the consignor
BookingAct of recording arrangements for the movement/transportation of goods
Break Bulk CargoGoods that must be loaded individually, and not in intermodal containers, nor in bulk as with oil or grain
Bulk FreightFreight that is not contained within packages or containers
BuyerParty which acquires, or agrees to acquire, ownership of freight/cargo
CargoGoods transported via plane or ship.
CarrierCompany that transports cargo/freight by air, land, or sea, in its own or chartered vessels or equipment
Certificates of OriginHas a unique number, states the full legal name and tax info of the exporter, the address of the consignee, states marks and numbers on the packages, the number and kind of packages, and describes each good
ConsigneeParty that is financially responsible for the receipt of a freight shipment
ConsignorExporter of record for a shipment
DestinationFinal arrival point of cargo/freight from carrier for a leg of the transportation
ExportsGoods sent from a country to another country
FreightVolume of goods loaded on a semi-trailer on a truck or on a semi-trailer on a train.
ImportsGoods brought into a country from another country
Incoterms©Rules providing specific guidance to individuals participating in the import and export of global trade (from ICC) https://iccwbo.org/resources-for-business/incoterms-rules/incoterms-rules-2010/)
Intermodal TransportationFreight that is shipped using two or more modes of transportation
LegJourney between two scheduled stops.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Document that contains information about the physical, chemical, explosive, and radioactive data of hazardous materials in a shipment
OriginInitial location where a carrier receives cargo/freight for a leg of the transportation
Packing ListForm that shows how the goods were packed for shipping and inspection purposes. Includes breakdown in weights, measurements, and/or quantities.
ParcelFreight that can be broken down into units less than 150 pounds (68 kg).
Peak Season SurchargeAn additional charge from carriers during popular shipping season
SegmentOne or more legs operated by a single carrier.
Shipped On Board Bill of LadingReceipt after the cargo has been loaded onto the ship
ShipperConsignor, exporter, or seller named in the shipping documents as the party responsible for initiating a shipment
TariffSchedule of transportation rates and rules
Unit Load DevicePallet or container used to load luggage, freight, and mail on wide-body aircraft and specific narrow-body aircraft
WharfageCharge for transporting a container around the port. Charged by metric tonne or cubic meter
Zone ChargesOcean liner charges for carting of LCL or FCL cargo